Skin cysts and tumors are non-cancerous closed pouches of tissue that are filled with fluid or keratin material. They are usually painless, hard to touch in some cases and are sometimes soft to feel. They grow right beneath the skin surface or under the first layer of the skin. Skin tumors are abnormal growth of the skin tissue which can be cancerous at times, or harmless. Skin tumors occur commonly with age.
Few Common Noncancerous Tumors Include:
- Warts (skin tumor resulting from a virus)
- Seborrheic keratoses (growth on the skin ranging from light skin colour to dark brown)
- Skin Cysts
- Nevi (skin growth such as birthmarks or dark, bumpy moles)
Causes Of Skin Tumors/ Swelling
Skin tumors can develop as a result of simple infections or the sebaceous glands clogging.
Some skin swellings disappear without any medication or treatment. Some tumors may need treatment involving an incision into the cyst and draining out the pus or keratinized fluid. Swellings that do not respond to any treatments and medications must be surgically removed and tested to rule out any possibility of a cancerous growth or a relapse.
Usually, no treatment is required for benign skin tumors. However, some methods that are used to treat skin tumors may include:
- Curettage and electrodesiccation: This involves scraping away the tumor/swelling tissues with surgical instruments. An electrosurgical unit is then used to control the bleeding.
- Surgical excision: This involves slicing into the skin, removing the extra growth. After the tumor is removed, the surgeon stitches the wound with sutures.
- Cryosurgery: In this procedure, liquid nitrogen is sprayed on the skin directly, or an instrument is used to freeze the swollen tissue/ tumor.