If your child is born with a disfigured condition or has an injury that leaves a permanently deformed physical appearance, your plastic surgeon can help you determine the best treatment available. In some cases, reconstructive surgeries may be the best options to restore the mobility, functionality and the appearance of the affected part of your child’s body by any injury.
When to get a surgery done and the number of surgeries necessary will depend on your child’s age condition. Options may include surgery within the first year of life in some cases and delaying them in some conditions where treatment would require a series of surgeries.
Most problems are simple and can be solved by your paediatrician. However, sometimes, specialised care from a plastic surgeon may also be necessary to help differentiate between a fair and best result possible.
PROBLEMS AND ILLNESSES THAT ARE BEST MANAGED BY PEDIATRIC PLASTIC SURGEONS:
- The most common pediatric conditions that need reconstructive surgery include:
- Birthmarks and scars
- Bumpy moles and lumps
- Bat ears
- Vascular anomalies of the face and body
- Vascular malformations
- Asymmetric, or abnormally-shaped ears
- Trauma injuries of the hand, face, other parts of the body
- Cleft lip or cleft palate: Congenital abnormalities of the lip, top of the mouth, upper gum, and nose
- Velopharyngeal dysfunction: A condition that causes complications and difficulty in swallowing, breathing, speech, etc
- Congenital hand disorders, such as extra or joined fingers
- Breast and chest deformities: Asymmetrical breast/chest, macromastia, gynecomastia, etc
- Peripheral nerve injuries and brachial plexus
- Facial motion disorders
- Craniofacial deformities: Congenital and acquired anomalies of the skull and face, and craniofacial orthodontic issues
Skin lesions in children are common.
“Nevus” is another word for a mole, and there are many different types of nevi. Nevi can be present at birth, or they can occur later. Not all nevi need to be removed, Nevi can be quite large and can even occupy a significant percentage of the body surface. Treatments vary widely according to the size and location of the lesion(s).
Vascular birthmarks are very common. There are many specific types of vascular birthmarks, including hemangiomas and a variety of other malformations. It is very important to distinguish the type of vascular birthmark because the treatment can greatly vary depending on the diagnosis. Once the diagnosis has been made, the majority of vascular birthmarks are straightforward and can be treated. Treatments can range from observation alone, medications to shrink the lesions, injection treatment, laser therapy, to surgery.