There are many issues regarding foot, and ankle reconstruction. Few of them in particular are:
- Advanced Modified Bunion Surgery
- Aesthetic Toe Shortening
- Aesthetic toe lengthening
- Bunion correction surgery
- Fifth toe corrective surgery
- Plantar fat pad augmentation therapy for high heel users
- Hammer toe correction
- Toe tuck surgery which means reducing the toe size
- Toe slimming is the same as toe tuck surgery
WHAT IS A BUNION:
A bunion is a bony bulge that forms on the joint at the base of your big toe. It develops when the big toe is pushed against your next toe, forcing the joint of your big toe to enlarge and stick out. The skin over the bunion might become red. Wearing tight and narrow shoes usually cause bunions or make them worse.
Bunions develop as a result of an inherited structural defect, stress on your foot or medical conditions, like arthritis. Smaller bunions form on the joint of your little toe which is the last toe that can also go through pressure symptoms of shoes.
WHAT CAN BE DONE:
A bunion removal surgery called bunionectomy is done to treat this condition. A bunionectomy is a surgical removal of the bony bump, at the base of your big toe. A typical bunionectomy involves breaking or cutting the bone, resetting it in the correct position and using a screw or pin for fixation. A Mini TightRope bunionectomy is a less invasive surgical procedure to correct painful foot deformities caused by bunions. The Mini TightRope method uses a robust nonabsorbable fibre wire suture to bind the first and second finger bones of the foot called metatarsals together without cutting bone or using bone screws.
The Mini Tightrope technique works by drilling a hole in each of the metatarsal bones and lacing a solid but flexible wire through the two holes. The wire is tightened to pull the first metatarsal inward and align the big toe. It is then anchored on each end with a tiny button to keep it from slipping. This secures the bones by tightening the surrounding ligaments. The procedure requires no cutting of the bone and can be repeated if the bunion returns.
Excessive pressure from shoes leads to the growth of a hardened portion of skin called corn or callus on the tip of the toe. A long toe can also be painful and cause callus formation over the toe knuckles.
The toe(s) may become irritated, red, and swollen. The pain may be mild or sharp. Pain often gets worse with shoes, especially ones that crowd the toes. While some long toes may cause severe pain, others may not be painful at all.
PLANTAR FAT PAD AUGMENTATION FOR HIGH HEEL USERS:
For few patients, the heel pad fat becomes less and causes pain during walking due to pressure effects. For these patients, few temporary methods are used, but if the patient is not satisfied, temporary treatments are replaced by permanent methods.
Treatment of this painful condition is performed using collagen and other plastic surgery derma fillers which are safely injected into pain areas under local anaesthesia without incisions. Relief can be obtained for 6-12 months depending on the specific product used
What is hammer toe?
A hammertoe is a deformity which causes the toe to become bent upward in the middle, resembling a hammer. Hammertoes often occur along with other toe problems. Most people with this condition treat the symptoms to get relief, which involves padding the toe and stretching the shoewear for comfort. If you still experience discomfort from a hammertoe, you might need surgery.
COMMON REASONS PATIENTS SEEK TREATMENT FOR TOE PROBLEMS ARE:
- Toe pain on the knuckle
- Thick toe calluses
- Interference with walking/activities
- Difficulty fitting shoes
- Worsening toe deformity
- Pain at the ball of the foot
- Unsightly appearance
1. If left untreated, surgery is the only way to correct a hammer toe. The hammertoe becomes rigid, and pain becomes chronic.
2. The corn that is usually formed above the finger joint is also removed during surgery.