The skull plays a significant role because it is the bony container that protects the brain. The head is not made up of just one bone; it is made up of many pieces of bone which fit together with loose connections called “sutures”. These sutures connect the bones to each other and close as the child grows. The sutures between the skull bones allow the baby’s brain and skull to grow and enlarge. The maximum growth of the brain and skull in a child occurs at the age of three. Once brain completely grows, the sutures close permanently, or “fuse.”
Sometimes the skull is too soft at birth which may cause certain skull bone deformities. These deformities occur due to premature fusion in the middle of the forehead which is called metopic synostosis. It causes the head to have a triangle shape. A child with metopic synostosis may require a corrective surgery to prevent the condition from getting worse.
Another common type of suture synostosis is the sagittal synostosis. The suture that runs from the front to the back fuses prematurely causing a condition which specialists refer to as “scaphocephaly” or “boat-shaped skull.” The skull becomes long from front to back and appears narrow from the front view.
The treatment procedure involves surgical reshaping and removal of the fused cranial bones, to allowing natural growth and development of the skull.